Rob V. founded in October of 2019. He holds commercial single and multi-engine instrument ratings, and is a licensed CFI / CFII for both single and multi-engine aircraft. Rob currently has 1,500+ hours of flight logged, 1,000 of which is dual-given as an instructor. Learn more about him in his full bio here.
runway markings at a major airport

Runway Markings Explained

As pilots taxi to or from takeoff or landing, especially at major commercial airports, markings on the taxiways and runways provide important guidance. Under normal operations, this guidance is mandatory, so pilots must recognize and know what these markings mean. Here we describe the runway markings in approximately the same sequence the pilot would see Read More…


Airline Transport Pilot Certificate: 4 Things You Need to Know

In the United States, pilot certification is regulated by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The FAA has various types of pilot ratings depending on logged flight time, experience and type of operation, such as airline travel or carrying persons or cargo for compensation or hire. The highest level of pilot certification available is an Airline Read More…

instrument proficiency check requirements

Instrument Proficiency Check (IPC): 3 Things You Need To Know

All pilots are subject to flight reviews to check their skills and to maintain their privileges to fly. Private pilots through Airline Transport Pilots (ATPs) must undergo a Biennial Flight Review (BFR) or other, often more frequent reviews, to maintain their flight privileges. The Instrument Proficiency Check (IPC) is a flight review for pilots who Read More…