gumps check

GUMPS Check Explained

Every pilot is familiar with checklists. Even on the simplest aircraft, there are tasks and actions that should be accomplished before, during, and after a flight. Omitting or forgetting a key step can result in poor performance (leaving flaps down or mixture rich) or damage to the aircraft (failure to extend landing gear or advancing Read More…

biennial flight review - bfr

Biennial Flight Review Explained

To start off this article, we thought it would be important to quote the exact FAA’s requirements for the Biennial Flight Review, or BFR. Here it is below: “Federal Aviation Regulations § 61.56 Flight review. (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (b) and (f) of this section, a flight review consists of a minimum of Read More…

runway markings at a major airport

Runway Markings Explained

As pilots taxi to or from takeoff or landing, especially at major commercial airports, markings on the taxiways and runways provide important guidance. Under normal operations, this guidance is mandatory, so pilots must recognize and know what these markings mean. Here we describe the runway markings in approximately the same sequence the pilot would see Read More…