Aviation in 1987
American Lois McCallin, in the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology's Michelob Light Eagle human powered aircraft,
sets straight-line and closed circuit world distance
records and the world duration record for women at 6.83
kilometres (4.25 miles), 15.44 kilometres (9.59 miles) and
37 minutes 38 seconds respectively.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Michelob
Light Eagle, piloted by Glenn Tremml, sets a world closed
circuit distance record for human-powered aircraft of 58
kilometres (36 miles).
USAir makes public its buy-out of Piedmont Airlines for
Japan Air Lines announces that it is going to install
automatic course guidance alarms on its aircraft. An alarm
will sound should the aircraft deviate from the correct
The French Armee de l'Air begins testing a Mirage III with
verbal command recognition software. The system will allow
the pilot to control the aircraft using spoken commands.
An Iraqi Exocet missile hits the USS Stark, killing 37
19 year old West German Mathias Rust lands a light plane in
Moscow's Red Square.
Per Lindstrand and Richard Branson complete the first
transatlantic balloon flight in 'Virgin Atlantic', the
largest hot-air balloon the world had ever seen, with a
capacity of 60,314 cubic metres (2,130,000 cubic feet).
Virgin Atlantic covers 3,075 miles from Sugarloaf Mountain
in Maine to Eglinton in County Londonderry in 31 hours 41
The Israeli Government votes twelve to eleven to terminate
the indigenous IAI Lavi fighter programme.
Three of the six crew of a United States Air Force (USAF)
Rockwell B1B bomber are killed when their aircraft collides
with a bird, probably a large Pelican.
It is revealed that of the 128 new airlines certified after
the 1978 industry deregulation in the United States, only
37 are still operating.
The United States of America and the Soviet Union sign an
Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces treaty.
Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Romanenko lands in Soyuz TM3 after
spending 326 consecutive days in space.