Aviation in 1980
Gates Learjet announce that they have delivered their 1,000th
Operation Eagle Claw: an attempt to rescue American hostages
held in Iran, is abandoned when a Lockheed C130 Hercules and
a Sikorsky RH53 Sea Stallion collide at the first desert
Lufthansa-Unternehmen inaugurates Lockheed L101 1-500 TriStar
services on its Dusseldorf to Los Angeles route.
The Dutch Fokker company changes its name to Fokker BV with
the end of the merged activities of VFW-Fokker.
Braniff International terminates its agreement to lease
Concorde aircraft from British Airways and Air France citing
fuel costs, which have almost doubled since the lease began.
The Soviet Union launch their first manned space capsule to
incorporate an automatic docking system, the Soyuz T.
Beech Aircraft return to the commuter airliner market with
the first flight of their C99 aircraft.
Cathay Pacific become the first airline to operate the Boeing
747 between Hong Kong and London.
The Experimental Aircraft Association's 28th Convention at
Oshkosh in Wisconsin sets a new visitor record with 250,000
people and 6,000 aircraft attending the first day.
Brown pilots the MacCready Gossamer Penguin on its first
solar powered flight.
The death of Jacqueline Cochran is announced. A successful
businesswoman, she was also the first female to fly an
aircraft at more than the speed of sound and held over 200
United States aviation records simultaneously.
Iran and Iraq go to war with one another, with both sides
making extensive use of air power.
The Goodyear company's airship 'Europa' is used to monitor
pollution in the Bay of Genoa as part of the Mediterranean
Pollution Monitoring Programme.
Cosmonauts Valeri Ryumin and Leonid Popov return to earth in
Soyuz 37 after spending 185 days in space aboard the Salyut 6
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA)
Voyager 1 space probe passes Titan, Saturn's largest moon, at
a distance of 4,400 kilometres, (2,796 miles), before
continuing on out of the solar system.
Boeing receives the largest ever single type airliner order,
from Delta Air Lines of Georgia, which orders sixty of the
company's Model 757s.
Raoul Hafner, a rotary wing aircraft pioneer and developer,
dies aged 75.
The MacCready Solar Challenger flies 29 kilometres (18
miles), and the flight is only cut short by heavy rainfall.
Boeing complete their 500th 747 airliner - the aircraft will
see service with Scandinavian Airlines (SAS).
After three years of negotiation, Messerscmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (MBB)
and Vereinigte Flugtechnische Werke (VFW), reach an agreement
on a proposed merger of the two companies.