Aviation in 1963
Joe Walker flies the North American X15A to a height of
82,600 metres (271,000 feet) and, having flown higher than 50
miles, he qualifies for astronaut wings.
A 'hot line' is established for immediate communication
between the United States and the Soviet Union during periods
of East-West tension.
30 April - 12 May
American Betty Miller makes the first transpacific solo
flight by a woman. The 4-stop flight is from Oakland in
California to Brisbane in Australia.
Jacqueline Cochran, flying a Lockheed TF104G Starfighter sets
a new 100 kilometre closed circuit world speed record for
women of 1,937kph (1,203mph).
The launch of the second Soviet spacecraft in two days.
Vostok 6 carries the first woman into space, cosmonaut
Valentina Tereshkova, who makes 48 orbits of the earth.
Joe Walker increases the height record for the North American
X15A to 106,010 metres (347,800 feet).
A nuclear test ban treaty is finalised after 3 years of
discussion, bringing an end to tests in the Earth's
A ski-equipped Lockheed C130 Hercules, under the command of
Rear Admiral James R. Reedy, makes a first transpolar
non-stop flight from Capetown in South Africa to McMurdo
Sound in Antarctica.
The United Nation General Assembly confirms earlier
unilateral declarations made by the USA and Soviet Union that
no weapons will be mounted or used in space.
President Johnson issues an executive order which renames
Cape Canaveral as Cape Kennedy and its space facilities as
the John F. Kennedy Space Centre.