Aviation in 1955
Civil airlines in Pakistan is nationalised and the Pakistan
International Airlines Corporation is established.
Woomera rocket range, research establishments and
laboratories are amalgamated under the title 'Weapon Research
An agreement is reached between France, USA and South Vietnam
to reorganise the military forces of South Vietnam.
The state of war between the Soviet Union and Germany is
The official termination of war between Czechoslovakia and
Germany is announced.
George F. Smith becomes the first man in the world to live
after an ejection from a North American F100 Super Sabre
travelling at supersonic speed (Mach 1.05) after his controls
A second United States Air Force (USAF) Early Warning and
Control Wing becomes operational, flying Lockheed RC121s.
The Boeing Airplane Company receives its first major
production contract for the KC135 Strato-tanker.
Pakistan International Airlines absorbs the fleet and routes
of Orient Airways.
The United States Air Force (USAF) announces that aircraft
stationed in the Arctic and approaches to the North American
Continent will shortly be armed with Falcon air-to-air guided
Two Saab 29C photographic reconnaissance jet aircraft of the
Royal Swedish Air Force, flying in formation, set a new
record of 560mph over a closed course of 621 miles. They
claim it to be the first speed record made in formation.
The first domestic service from Hamburg is flown by
Lufthansa, the re-established German airline.
The Vickers Viscount is introduced onto Trans-Canada's
Toronoto-New York route.
An Indian Constellation airliner is brought down by a bomb on
board with the loss of fifteen lives.
A Convair CV340, flown by Lufthansa on its Hamburg to London
flight, becomes the first German operated civil airliner to
land in the United Kingdom after the war.
McDonnell XV1 experimental convertiplane makes its first
transition from vertical to horizontal flight.
Lufthansa begins its European international operations.
Jacqueline Auriol flies the Dassault Mystere IVN to a speed
of 715mph to obtain the women's world speed record.
Canadian Pacific Air Lines inaugurates a polar route, flown
by Douglas DC06B 'Empress of Amsterdam'.
French pilot Jean Moine lands a Bell 47G2 helicopter on the
summit of Mont Blanc at an altitude of 15,772 feet
The Douglas Aircraft Company announces plans to build a new
civil transport, the company's DC8 will become the first
Plans for the production of the Electra, a propeller-turbine
airliner, are announced by the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation.
The 21st Salon International de l'Aéronautique is held at Le
Bourget airport near Paris.
United States Navy (USN) aircraft are attacked by Russian
planes near the Bering Strait.
The Boeing B52 Stratofortress enters service with the United
States Air Force (USAF).
The United States
announces its intention to launch a small earth-satellite
during the International Geophysical Year from July 1957.
The United States begins its first zero-gravity research
experiments using Lockheed T33 trainers to study the effects
Colonel H.A. Hanes sets a new world speed record of 1,323kph
(822mph) flying a North American F100C Super Sabre.
A new cease-fire agreement for the Gaza area is accepted by
Egypt and Israel, subject to the countries having the right
to defend themselves if attacked.
The United States Department of Defense announces that the
Glenn L. Martin Company has been selected to design and build
a launch vehicle to place a satellite into Earth orbit.
The United States Navy's aircraft carrier USS Saratoga is
Lieutenant Gordon Gray of United States Navy (USN) flies a
Douglas A4D Skyhawk, setting a new world record of 695mph
over a 500 kilometre course.
Boeing Model 367-80 (the prototype the Boeing 707) flies
non-stop from Seattle to Washington DC in 3 hours 58 minutes
and back in 6 hours 8 minutes, averaging speeds of 957kph
(592mph) and 907kph (567mph) respectively.
United Air Lines DC6MB explodes over Colorado killing all 44
passengers. The explosion is caused by a bomb.
The first guided missile
cruiser, the USS Boston, is commissioned.
Jordan announces its
intention to re-equip its forces with heavy modern weapons
and form an efficient air force.
It is announced that the United Kingdom will supply the
Jordan Air Force with ten de Havilland Vampire jet planes.
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines becomes the first European airline
to buy American jet transport planes with its order of eight
It is announced in Moscow that tests of new types of nuclear
thermonuclear weapons have recently been made.
A state of emergency is declared in Cyprus.
Vickers Viscount airliners go into regular service in the
Caribbean area with British West Indian Airways.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) approves a
co-ordinated air defence and radar system for Western Europe.
An agreement is reached between Aeroflot and British European
Airways (BEA), covering the mutual operation of air services
between the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom.
Air France announces its order for 24 nationally built
Caravelles and ten Boeing 707s.
The de Havilland Comet III
arrives at London airport after completing a round-the-world
flight. Group Captain John Cunningham flies the last 3,350
miles from Montreal to London in 6 hours 8 minutes, averaging