Aviation in 1954
An Air Weapons School is established in Florida by the United
States Navy (USN).
A new coast to coast record in the United States is set by
Colonel Willard W. Milliken of the Air National Guard, flying
a North American F86 Sabre jet and covering 2,530 miles from
Los Angeles to New York in 4 hours 8 minutes.
ban on the production of military aircraft in Japan is
lifted. An agreement between the Lockheed Aircraft
Corporation and the Kawasaki Aircraft company gives Kawasaki
the right to manufacture Lockheed F94C Starfire jets and T33A
United States hydrogen bombs are exploded on marshall Islands
in the Pacific Ocean.
The United States and Japan sign a mutual defence agreement.
The Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corporation becomes the
Convair Division of the General Dynamics Corporations.
The first United States Air Force (USAF) airborne Early
Warning and Control Division is formed and equipped with
Lockheed R121 Constellation aircraft for radar surveillance.
Britain, France and the United States reject a Russian
application to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
Qantas Empire Airways takes over the Australia to United
States and Canada service, previously operated by British
Commonwealth Pacific Airlines, which then cease to exist as a
United States Navy (USN) ZPG2 airship, flown by Commander M.H.
Eppes and crew, lands at Key West Florida after being
airborne for just over 200 hours.
A Douglas DC3 freighter belonging to Sabena, the Belgian
airline is attacked by Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG15 jet.
Capital airlines announces the purchase of three Vickers
Viscount propeller-turbine airliners.
Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) begins international
operations using Lockheed L1049C Super Constellations.
Japanese National Defence Forces are officially constituted.
A Douglas DC4 airliner of Cathay Pacific Airways is shot down
by Communist Chinese fighters.
Two United States Navy (USN) carrier-borne Douglas Skyraiders
shoot down two Chinese fighters who attack them whilst
searching for the Cathay Pacific airliner.
An Anglo-Egyptian agreement on the evacuation of British
forces from the Suez Canal zone is initiated
The 2nd prototype of Convair XF2Y1 Sea Dart exceeds Mach 1 in
a shallow dive, becoming the first water-based aircraft in
the world to exceed the speed of sound.
Captial Airlines announces an order for a further 37 Vickers
Viscount propeller turbine airliners.
An agreement is signed for the United States Army Garrison (USAG)
fighter squadron to be stationed at Soesterberg in Holland.
A height of 90,000 feet (17 miles), the greatest height
attained to date by a human being, is reached by Major Arthur
Murray of the United States Air Force (USAF) in a Bell XIA
rocket propelled research aircraft. The aircraft was launched
at 30,000 feet from a Boeing B29 Superfortress.
The United States Air Force (USAF) Continental Air Defence
Command is established. Finnair inaugurates a Helsinki to
London service operating Convair CV340s.
A United States Navy
(USN) Lockheed Neptune is shot down by Russian
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG15 jets.
There is an announcement that China has tested its first home
built plane on 26 July 1954. It is claimed as the successful
start of China's aircraft industry.
Queen Elizabeth II approves the re-designation of the
Southern Rhodesia Air Force as the Royal Rhodesian Air Force.
A Sikorsky XH39 helicopter sets a new world altitude record
for rotary wing aircraft of 7,468 metres (24,500 feet)
Western nations agree to end the occupation of West Germany
and to fully incorporate the German Federal Republic into the
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO).
The last Boeing B29 Superfortress is withdrawn from service.
The Convair XFY1 accomplishes its first transitions from
vertical to horizontal flight and vice-versa.
The United States Air Force (USAF) announces it will build a
research laboratory for atomic aircraft engines.
A photographic reconnaissance version of the Boeing B29 is
shot down by Russian MiG fighters.
A solo non-stop flight from new York to Toussus-le-Noble
airport near Paris is completed by Maximilien A. Conrad in a
twin-engined Piper Apache.
A Scandinavian Airlines System service from Copenhagen to Los
Angeles is opened by two Douglas DC6B airliners.
It is announced that thirteen Americans have been sentenced
to imprisonment for spying in China.
Malev is established as the Hungarian state airline.
The Curtiss-Wright Corporation announces the development of a
new rocket engine.
The United States Navy's aircraft carrier Forrestal is
The first of 22 Vickers Viscount propeller-turbine airliners,
ordered by Trans-Canada Air Lines, are delivered.