Aviation in 1950
Test pilot, Jacqueline Auriol
qualifies at Brétigny in France. She goes on to hold the
women's world speed record five times between 1951 and 1964
and becomes one of the first test pilots to fly Concorde.
The United States Air Force (USAF) Research & Development
Command is established.
President Truman announces that the Atomic Energy Commission
has been directed to continue its work on all forms of atomic
energy weapons including the hydrogen or super-bomb.
Restricted areas for flying around American atomic
installations and off the coast will be established.
Eight Grumman F9F Panthers land on the USS Valley Forge,
completing the first aircraft carrier night-landing trials by
A Lockheed Neptune of the United States Navy establishes a
distance record for carrier-launched aircraft flying 5,156
miles in 25 hours 59 minutes, non-stop from the Atlantic to
The first of the 70 Boeing B29 Superfortress bombers
allocated to Britain under the United States military aid
programme lands at Marham Norfolk for No.149 Squadron.
Russian fighters shoot down an unarmed United States Navy (USN)
aircraft over the Baltic, killing ten airmen.
South African Airways receives its first Lockheed
Constellation ZS-DBR, 'Cape Town'.
Transcontinental & Western Air changes its name to Trans
World Airlines (TWA), to reflect its world-wide operations.
The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) is to send a squadron
of Douglas Dakota transport aircraft to assist British forces
The Korean War begins, with North Korean forces invading
South Korea - Yak fighters attack Kimpo airfield.
President Truman announces that the United States Air Force (USAF)
will assist South Korea. The first enemy aircraft, a Yak 9 is
shot down by Lieutenant William G. Hudson, USAF, flying an
A Lockheed RF80A surveys North Korean troops completing the
United States Air Force's first reconnaissance mission by a
It is announced that American ground forces have left Japan
for operations in Korea and that No.77 Fighter Squadron Royal
Australian Air Force (RAAF), with American Mustang fighters,
has been offered for service in Korea.
The first United States naval jet fighters are involved in
air combat, including Grumman F9F2 Panthers flown from the
carrier USS Valley Forge.
The first rocket is launched at Cape Canaveral test range.
A French memorandum on rearmament and defence is given to the
United States Ambassador in Paris.
At Logan Airport in Boston, General Hoyt S. Vandenberg
presents the Bell XI research aircraft to the National Air
Museum. It is the first aeroplane to fly faster than the
speed of sound.
The North Atlantic treaty Organisation (NATO) holds its first
large-scale air exercise over Europe. It is called Cupola.
The first helicopter rescue of a downed pilot, behind enemy
lines, takes place in Korea.
It is announced that heavy bombs have been dropped from B45
Tornado jet bombers at speeds of over 500mph.
Captain Richard V. Wheeler makes a parachute jump of 12,938
metres (42,449 feet) at Holloman Air Force Base in New
The Danish Air Arm becomes the Royal Danish Air Force.
The Royal Ceylon Air Force is formed, with British aid.
The first parachute assault of the Korean War takes place
when over 3,000 men of United States 11th Airborne Division
drop at Sukchon and Sunchon from C119 and C47 aircraft.
Air fighting between United States Air Force (USAF)
piston-engined Mustangs and Russian jet fighters takes place
over North Korea.
A Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG15 of the Chinese People's Republic Air
Force is shot down by a United States Air Force (USAF)
Lockheed F80C Shooting Star flown by Lieutenant Russell J.
Brown. This is the first air fighting between jet aircraft in
the Korean War.
United States Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) units
receive unarmed Bell 47 helicopters equipped for carrying
Greek transport aircraft take part in operations in Korea for
the first time assisting in the evacuation of American
It is announced that No.77 Squadron of the Royal Australian
Air Force (RAAF) using North American Mustang piston-engined
fighters in Korea will be re-equipped with Gloster Meteor
VIII jet fighters.
A National Emergency is declared in the United States, with
plans to speed up production of military equipment.
United States Air Force (USAF) F86 Sabre jet fighters are in
action against Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG15s over Korea. It is
announced that aircraft from the carrier 'Theseus' have been
in action during the last 10 days in North Korea.