Aviation in 1936
Brigadier General William 'Billy' Mitchell, the United States
Army Air Corps' advocate of air power, dies in the Doctor's
Hospital in New York.
The first flight test of a liquid-fuel rocket, developed by
the German Wernher von Braun, ends in failure when the test
Heinkel He112 explodes. The pilot Erich Warsitz is thrown
world's largest rigid airship, the German Zeppelin Company's
LZ129 'Hindenburg', makes its first flight.
Hitler renounces the 1925 Locano Treaty and German troops
march unopposed into the Rhineland.
The German Research Institute for Rocket Flight is
German engineers H.J. Pabst von Ohain and Max Hahn, working
for Heinkel, begin development work on a turbojet engine.
Mussolini announces the occupation of Addis Ababa and the end
of the Abyssinian war - a war in which modern weapons, such
as aircraft and poison gas were used against a primitive
poorly equipped enemy.
Italy annexes Abyssinia.
The Socony-Vacuum Oil Company at Paulsboro in New Jersey
begins production of 100 octane aviation fuel.
German Ewarld Rohlfs makes the first flight of the Focke Wulf
Fw61 twin rotor helicopter. Although it lasts for only about
30 seconds, the flight establishes the aircraft as the
world's first completely successful helicopter.
Simultaneous revolts in seventeen military garrisons in Spain
and Spanish Morocco mark the start of the Spanish Civil War.
Twenty Ju52/3m bomber transports arrive in Seville. In the
following six weeks these aircraft undertake the world's
first large scale airlift, moving 7,350 Nationalist troops
and artillery from Morocco to Spain.
The Imperial Japanese Army Air Force is established as a
separate arm of Japanese defence forces.
Six Heinkel He51 fighters, plus pilots and ground crew,
arrive in Spain. This is the first consignment of German
assistance to the Nationalist forces of General Franco.
Frenchman G. Detre, flying a Potez 50, establishes a new
world altitude record of 14,843 metres (48,698 feet).
The first I-15 fighters arrive at Cartagena in Spain. These
are the first of 1,500 fighters sold to the Spanish
Republican Forces by the Soviet Union.
The first operational flight of the Polikarpov I15 fighter
occurs in Spain, and is flown by Soviet pilots.
The German Legion Condor, formed to counter the increasing
numbers of Soviet aircraft on the Republican side, begins
operations in Spain.
Intensive bombing attacks on Madrid fail to defeat the
French woman Mademoiselle Marye Bastiť flies from Dakar in
Senegal to Natal in Brazil, in a time of 12 hour 5 minutes.