Aviation in 1934
Soviet balloon 'Osoaviakhim' ascends 20 kilometres (13 miles)
into the stratosphere.
first scheduled trans-ocean airmail service is established
between Europe and South America by Deutche Lufthansa. Flying
from Stuttgart to Buenos Aires via Seville, Bathurst and
Natal. The delivery time is four days.
All existing air mail contracts are cancelled and the United
States Army Air Corps (USAAC) begins flying internal mail
25 February - 25 April
American airwoman Laura Ingalls undertakes a solo flight
round South America, a distance of 27,359 kilometres (17,000
A Tupolev ANT-4, piloted by A.V. Lyapidevsky, makes the first
landing on ice in the Arctic, while on a rescue mission.
After nine fatalities the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC)
internal mail services are stopped.
United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) resume internal mail
Commander R. Donati, flying a modified Caproni 113,
establishes a new altitude record of 14,433 metres (47,352
feet) at Rome.
United States airmail pilot Jack Frye sets a new United
States coast-to-coast record, carrying mail from Los Angeles
to Newark. The journey is completed in 11 hours 31 minutes.
United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) internal mail services
end. The service has carried 347 tons of mail and flown about
2.6 million kilometres (1.6 million miles).
American Colonel Roscoe Turner sets a new United States
coast-to-coast record of 10 hours 2 minutes.
Deutche Lufthansa carries its 1,000,000th passenger.
A demonstration of Dr Rudolph Kühnold's apparatus, to high
ranking naval staff at Pelzerhaken near Lübeck, picks up
echoes of a ship 7 miles away, but at the same time
accidentally picks up a German seaplane. This is the first
detection of an aircraft by radio location.
October - 4 November
Sir Charles Kingsford Smith and Captain Taylor make the first
aeroplane flight between Australia and the United States in a
Italian Francesco Agello, flying a Macchi MC72 seaplane,
establishes a new world speed record of 709kph (440mph).
A clash occurs between Ethiopian and Italian forces in a
disputed zone of the Italian Somaliland border.
Helen Richey becomes first woman in the United States to
pilot an airmail transport on a regular schedule. She flies a
Ford Tri-motor aircraft on a route from Washington DC to
Detroit in Michigan.