Aviation in 1911
750,000 Indians watch a flying display at Calcutta by Henri
Jullerot in his Military Biplane.
Lieutenant Myron Sydney Crissy of the United States Army,
drops the first live bomb from an aeroplane when he conducts
a test drop on a target in San Francisco from a Wright
biplane piloted by Philip O. Parmelee.
J.J. Hammond reaches speeds estimated at 44-47mph and an
altitude of 2,500 feet while giving a demonstration attended
by the Governor of Western Australia.
Eugène Ely, an exhibition pilot, makes the first landing on a
ship. He touched down on a 120 feet long platform which had
been erected on the stern of the cruiser USS Pennsylvania .
The ship was moored in San Francisco Bay. The Curtiss biplane
was fitted with three pairs of spring loaded hooks on the
undercarriage and cables were stretched across the temporary
flight deck at intervals of 3 feet. The aircraft came to a
halt after 30 feet.
Lieutenant Paul W. Beck sends the first wireless-telephonic
message from an aeroplane, sending a message from a Wright
biplane over Selfridge Field in Michigan.
Glenn Curtiss makes the first premeditated aeroplane landing
on water, water taxiing and water take-off from USS
Pennyslvania in San Diego Bay.
Burgess and Curtiss becomes the first fully licensed aircraft
manufacturer in the USA.
Vivian C. Walsh makes the first aeroplane flight in New
Zealand in his Howard-Wright (type) biplane at Auckland.
The first French flying certificate is issued to Lieutenant
Under the auspices of the British Army, Mr Henri Pecquet in a
Humer-Sommer biplane made the first official airmail flight
at the United Provinces Exhibition in Allahabad, India. He
flew 6,000 letters and cards 5 miles from Allahabad to Naini
Junction where they were transferred to rail.
Henri Pequet and Captain W.G. Windham begin a regular airmail
service between Allahabad and Naini Junction in India, to
coincide with the Universal Postal Exhibition in Allahabad.
The Aeronautica Militar Espanola is formed in Spain.
Captain Chambers of the United States Bureau of Navigation is
ordered to assist in the formation of a United States Navy (USN)
Philip O. Parmelee, with Lieutenant B. Foulois as passenger,
receives radio messages and drops written messages to army
units during a flight near the Mexico/Texas border.
The Belgian Army Balloon Company is formed as the Compagnie
des Ouviers et Aerostiers.
The Curtiss D pusher-engined biplane with a tricycle landing
gear is demonstrated to the United States Army. Later it
becomes their Army Aeroplane No.2.
Louis Breguet flies the world's first flight with 11
passengers a distance of 5 kilometres (3.1 miles) in his
Roger Sommer flies the world's first flight with 12
passengers a distance of 800 metres (2,625 feet) in his
The United States Army flying school is established at
Frenchman Pierre Prier makes the first non-stop flight from
London to Paris, carrying passengers. He flies a Blériot for
3 hours 45 minutes from Hendon to Issy-les-Moulineaux in
Lieutenant T. Gordon Ellyson becomes the first pilot in the
United States Navy (USN).
A Belgian female pilot, Helene Dutrieu, wins the Coppa del Re
(Kings Cup) after beating 14 male rivals.
Anthony Fokker pilots his second Spinne (Spider) monoplane
with a 50 horse-power engine.
Baron Sandji Narahara flies a biplane to 196 feet with a 50
horse-power Gnome engine.
Edouard Nieport sets a new speed record of 74mph in his
Nieuport monoplane with a 28 horse-power engine.
Delag passenger carrying Zeppelin LZ8 'Ersatz Deutschland' is
destroyed in a docking accident, but there are no casualties.
French Minister of War Maurice Berteaux is killed and Henri
Deutsch de la Meurthe is injured when a Train monoplane
crashes in Paris at the start of the Paris-Madrid air race.
The Circuit of Europe air race starts in Paris.
Edouard Nieport flies at 87mph in his Nie-2N monoplane.
An English aviator, Tom Sopwith, makes the first charter
flight, when hired by the firm Wanamaker's to deliver a pair
of spectacles to Mr W.A. Burpee. Mr Burpee was a passenger on
the liner Olympic, which had left New York harbour on a
transatlantic voyage. Sopwith, flying his Howard Wright
biplane overhauled the liner, then several miles out to sea,
and dropped the carefully wrapped package onto the deck.
The first United States Navy (USN) aeroplane, a Curtiss A1
Triad hydro-aeroplane, is flown.
The Aerotechnical Institute of Saint-Cyr, France, opens in a
building rented from Henri Deutsch de la Meurthe.
Lieutenant de Vaisseau Conneau wins the Circuit of Europe air
race in a Blériot monoplane.
Whilst on a solo flight in a Farman, Denise Moore becomes the
first woman to be killed in an aeroplane when she crashes at
Chalons in France.
Harriet Quimby becomes the first American female pilot.
A Voisin biplane lands on the River Seine using the
aircraft's amphibious landing gear.
Emmanuel Helen wins a Michelin cup at Etamples in France,
covering 777 miles in 14 hours 4 minutes 40 seconds, with 3
Edouard Nieport dies after making an emergency landing during
army manoeuvres in the Ardennes in France.
Calbraith P. Rodgers begins the first coast-to-coast flight
across the USA, from New York to Pasadena, in a
Burgess-Wright aeroplane. He completes the flight on 5
The first airmail service in Italy starts between Bologna,
Venice and Rimini.
The first official airmail flight in the USA is piloted by
Earle L. Ovington in his Blériot monoplane, flying from
Nassau Air Park to Mineola in Long Island. It is also the
first airmail to fly on a set route.
Pole Scipio del Campo pilots the Cywinski and Zbieranski
biplane on a flight for 12½ miles.
Eugene Ely, a Curtiss pilot, is killed in an air show at
Macon in Georgia, USA.
Morane-Saulnier, an aircraft manufacturing company, is
founded by Leon Morane and Louis Saulnier.
A new bombsight and dropping device designed by Riley E.
Scott at College Park, USA, is tested by Lieutenant T.D.
Milling at Maryland.
Zee Yee Lee becomes the first Chinese pilot to qualify for a
Royal Aero Club certificate (No.148), flying a Bristol
Boxkite on Salisbury Plain.
Carlo Piazza of the Italian Army becomes the first pilot to
use an aeroplane in war. He flies a Blériot monoplane from
Tripoli to Azzia, on a reconnaissance mission over Turkish
forces, during the Italo-Turkish campaign in Libya.
Captain Tokugawa makes the first flight of the Japanese Kai-1
biplane, in Japan.
2nd Lieutenant Giulio Gavotti of the Italian Air Flotilla
becomes the first aviator to drop bombs from an aeroplane in
war when he drops Cipelli grenades on Turkish forces at
Taguira Oasis and Ain Zara.
Charles Weymann pilots the Nieuport monoplane to win the
military aviation trials at Reims in France.
Also this year...
The Romanian Aviation Group is formed at Chitila.