World Aviation in 1907
Development work begins on the
Gnome rotary aero engine.
Louis Blériot makes a brief flight in his Type V monoplane.
An Aeronautical Division is established within the
office of the Chief Signal Officer of the United States Army and
becomes the first 'heavier-than-air' military unit. Under the
command of Captain Charles de Forest Chandler, the unit's strength
was one officer, one non-commissioned officer and one enlisted man.
A contract was placed with the Wright brothers for an aircraft and
flight tests began in August.
The first aerodrome with hangars, opens at Issy-les-Moulineaux in
The Bréguet-Richet helicopter lifts off but has to be steadied by
ground crew using poles.
A.F. Gaudron and two crew members make the first crossing of the
North Sea by air in the Mammoth balloon. They travel from Crystal
Palace in London to Lake Vänern in Sweden.
Henry Farman sets the official distance record of 771 metres (2,530
feet) in a Voisin-Farman I.
Louis Blériot makes his first flight in a Type VII monoplane. This
is the ancestor of modern tractor monoplanes.
first brief vertical take-off and free flight of a
'heavier-than-air' machine is recorded by Frenchman Paul Cornu's
Curtiss forms the first aeroplane company in the United States.
The United States Army makes a request for tenders after the first
specification for a military aeroplane is issued for commercial