Samuel Kinkead

Samuel Kinkead

Name: Samuel Marcus Kinkead
Country: South Africa
Rank: Captain
Service: Royal Naval Air Service Royal Air Force
Units: 3 Wing (RNAS) 1 Naval (RNAS) 201 (RAF)
Victories: 33
Date Of Birth: February 25, 1897
Place of Birth: Johannesburg
Date Of Death: March 12, 1928
Place of Death: Calshot, Hampshire, England

Joining the Royal Naval Air Service in September of 1915, Kinkead was assigned to the Dardanelles with 3 Naval Wing in 1916. Here he scored his first three victories flying Nieuport and Bristol Scouts. In 1917, he saw action on the Somme and at Ypres while serving with 1 Naval Squadron. In April of 1918, this unit became 201 Squadron of the newly formed Royal Air Force. Flying the Sopwith Camel, Kinkead scored 24 victories and ended the war as 201 Squadron's highest scoring ace.

After the war, he served with 47 Squadron in Russia, scoring several more victories and receiving the Distinguished Service Order. In 1921, as a flight commander under Raymond Collishaw, Kinkead saw action with 30 Squadron in the Middle East. In 1928, as a member of the RAF Schneider Trophy team, Kinkead was killed in a crash as he attempted to break the world air speed record in a Supermarine S5.

Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)
"In recognition of the conspicuous gallantry and skill displayed by him in the face of the enemy in aerial combats, notably on the following occasions: On the October 24, 1917, he brought down an enemy machine, and immediately afterwards encountered and drove off a group of seven hostile aeroplanes. On the December 4, 1917, he brought down an enemy two-seater machine completely out of control. By his skill and determination in attacking enemy machines he has always shown a fine example to other pilots." DSC citation, London Gazette, 22 February 1918

Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)Bar
"For the skill and courage displayed by him as a pilot. On the March 22, 1918, he attacked and drove down out of control an Albatros scout which was attacking a French machine. He has brought down many other enemy machines. He is an exceptionally good pilot, and a clever and plucky fighter, and has performed very fine work, both on offensive patrols and on low flying missions." DSC Bar citation, London Gazette, April 26, 1918

Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
"A skilful and gallant leader, who has attacked enemy formations superior in numbers with marked success. In a recent engagement, his patrol flew to the assistance of some of our machines which were greatly outnumbered by the enemy, and succeeded in accounting for three enemy machines and scattered the remainder." DFC citation, London Gazette, August 3, 1918

Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) Bar
"On a recent date, this officer engaged a large party of troops in a wood. The engagement lasted for an hour, but so persistent was his attack that the enemy broke and dispersed. During this attack he was harassed by six hostile scouts. Later on he shot down an enemy two-seater in our lines. A bold and daring airman." DFC Bar citation, London Gazette, November 2, 1918

Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
"On October 12, 1919, near Kotluban, this officer led a formation of Camel machines and attacked the Cavalry Division of Dumenko. By skilful tactics in low flying he dispersed this force, which had turned the left flank of the Caucasian Army, and threatened to jeopardize the whole defence of Tzaritzin. Flying Officer Kinkead has carried out similar attacks on enemy troops, batteries, camps and transport with great success and at considerable personal risk." DSO citation, London Gazette, April 1, 1920